Types of Gear
- Spur Gear
- Helical Gear
- Herringbone Gear
- Bevel Gear
- Worm Gear
- Rack and Pinion
- Internal and External Gear
- Face Gear
1) Spur Gear-Parallel and co-planer shafts connected by gears are called spur gears. The arrangement is called spur gearing.
Spur gears have straight teeth and are parallel to the axis of the wheel. Spur gears are the most common type of gears. The advantages of spur gears are their simplicity in design, economy of manufacture and maintenance, and absence of end thrust. They impose only radial loads on the bearings.
Spur gears are known as slow speed gears. If noise is not a serious design problem, spur gears can be used at almost any speed.
2) Helical Gear-Helical gears have their teeth inclined to the axis of the shafts in the form of a helix, hence the name helical gears.
These gears are usually thought of as high speed gears. Helical gears can take higher loads than similarly sized spur gears. The motion of helical gears is smoother and quieter than the motion of spur gears.
Single helical gears impose both radial loads and thrust loads on their bearings and so require the use of thrust bearings. The angle of the helix on both the gear and the must be same in magnitude but opposite in direction, i.e., a right hand pinion meshes with a left hand gear.
3) Herringbone Gear – Herringbone gears resemble two helical gears that have been placed side by side. They are often referred to as “double helicals”. In the double helical gears arrangement, the thrusts are counter-balanced. In such double helical gears there is no thrust loading on the bearings.